Watermelon - a large globular false berry with smooth surface and pink or red juicy sweet flesh. It is an annual plant of the Cucurbitaceae family with creeping stems branching length of 2-3 meters. Some varieties have white flesh or yellowish-white color.
Birthplace of watermelon - South and Central Africa. Watermelon cultivated in many regions of the Earth with a dry and hot climate.
In Uzbek watermelon pulp contains up to 18% sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose). Fructose is about half of all sugars and determines the sweetness of watermelon. Fruit weight 5 - 6 kg up to 250 g of pure fructose.
Watermelon - a source of pectin, fiber, vitamins B1, B2, C, PP, folic acid and pro-vitamin A, as well as salts of manganese, nickel, iron, magnesium and potassium. The seeds contain fatty oil, rich in vitamin D.
Watermelons are eaten fresh. Flesh watermelon good thirst quencher. Fruits are small watermelons used for pickling and canning. Prepare and watermelon juice, evaporating, turning it into a watermelon "honey", which contains up to 90% sugar. Of watermelons prepare tasty jam and candied fruit. From seed produced edible oils. Watermelon is useful for people of any age. Its medicinal properties are widely used in medicine.
Ripe sweet watermelon purchased pulp through a sieve, filtered through two layers of cheesecloth, and the resulting juice is brought to a boil while continuously stirring and removing the foam. The juice is then filtered and boiled again to simmer, stirring occasionally. "Med" is ready when the volume is reduced 5-6 times.
Watermelons improve digestion. Cellulose pulp watermelon promotes life of beneficial microorganisms in the gut. Watermelon is rich in alkaline substances that neutralize excess acids coming from staple foods: eggs, fish, meat and bread.
Folic acid, which is found in watermelon is important in cardiovascular diseases. She is involved in the synthesis of amino acids and blood, regulates fat metabolism, has anti-sclerotic action as contained watermelon pulp choline and vitamins C and R.
Folic acid is found in vegetables: cauliflower, green peas, spinach, but when it is destroyed by cooking.
Watermelon has a useful period after a long and serious illness, as well as after surgery, especially if it is carried out under general anesthesia.
Watermelon - a great diuretic, known since ancient times. It should have edema associated with diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver.
Urolithiasis, cystitis and nephritis can be eaten between 2 and 2.5 kg of watermelon a day.
When nephrolithiasis alkalinity of urine under the influence of substances contained in watermelon rises, salts pass into the soluble state and output due to the diuretic effect. In this case, the watermelon should have equal portions, and can be at night.
Decoction of watermelon seeds and fresh watermelon peels has a good diuretic effect. You can also use dried watermelon rinds, if not fresh.
In chronic cystitis, nephritis, kidney stones, bladder and ureter should be prepared diuretic.
Finely cut green outer layer of watermelon peel, chop, first dried in a warm oven, then finally dried at room temperature. Use 1 teaspoon 3 times a day before meals with honey diluted in water: 50 g of warm boiled water 0.5 teaspoon of honey. Store dried watermelon rinds in a paper bag.
To quench your thirst, and lowering the temperature in feverish conditions in folk medicine to patients give flesh and watermelon juice.
Use and watermelon "milk", which is made from crushed watermelon seeds. Their triturated in cold water in a ratio of 1:10 and drink every 2 hours to 1 teaspoon (you can add sugar or fruit syrup).
Colitis prepare a broth of watermelon peels and take 0.5 cup 4-5 times a day. 100 g of dried crusts pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and insist to cool.
Fiber watermelon, enhancing peristalsis, accelerates the removal of excess cholesterol, hence watermelon useful in atherosclerosis and hypertension.
Watermelon and useful in anemia, as apart from folic acid it contains iron salts.
When bleeding watermelon seeds, minced and mashed with milk, blood stopped.
With angina and pulmonary tuberculosis recommended gargle watermelon juice.
For liver and gallbladder watermelon out of the body fluid and nourishing liver tissue digestible sugars.
When gallstones watermelons used in clinical nutrition, and they are a good cholagogue hepatitis.
Watermelon is useful for recovery of the liver after jaundice.
When diabetes is recommended small doses of watermelon. This is due to the fact that many mature watermelon fructose, which is readily absorbed and, unlike sucrose, does not cause stress on the pancreas insular machine. But diabetics should be very careful with watermelons.
Watermelon seeds like pumpkin seeds have anthelmintic action. They are used for the treatment of intestinal parasites and to prevent worms. Fresh watermelon seeds are pounded with a heavy object to crush them, and not grind to a powder. 1 liter of water take 100 grams of seeds and boil for 45 minutes on low heat, then strain and drink three times a day for 200-250 g
We recommend using dried watermelon seeds, passed through a meat grinder, with milk in 1:10, and during the day to drink 2 cup of the mixture between meals.
Skin diseases, to heal festering wounds unhealed use watermelon gadgets: the wound is applied a paste of red watermelon flesh.
Regular consumption of watermelon in food provides a healthy sleep, emotional balance, and men - increase potency.
For headaches, migraines helps tied to the forehead and temples thick watermelon rind.